Low probability of intercept (LPI) radars using linear frequency-modulated continuous waveforms (LFMCWs) is rapidly proliferating in the military domain and posing a serious challenge to conventional electronic support receivers (ESRs). In this article, we provide a practical approach that can be used in digital ESR systems for real-time LFMCW radar signal detection and parameter extraction under challenging SNR levels. We proposed a modified version of the Wigner-Ville distribution (WVD), namely, short-time Wigner distribution (STWD), postprocessing steps, e.g., column-based thresholding of STWD combined with the Hough transform (HT), and a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) design as an embedded solution with low computational complexity. The performance of the proposed system is tested with MATLAB and hardware simulations using a signal database generated with different signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) levels. The system is then embedded into a Virtex-7 FPGA where the performance evaluations showed satisfactory detection results down to -6-dB SNR level, and parameter extraction results down to -8-dB SNR level.