Design and Numeric Evaluation of a Novel Axial-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device

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Toptop K., Kadipasaoglu K. A.

ASAIO JOURNAL, vol.59, no.3, pp.230-239, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/mat.0b013e31828a6bc1
  • Journal Name: ASAIO JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.230-239
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


Virtual design characteristics and performance of the first Turkish axial-flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) are presented, with emphasis on rotor geometry. The patented rotor design includes a central flow channel carved inside the main block, which carries permanent magnets. A concentric rotor-stator gap minimizes the distance between respective magnets, improving electromagnetic efficiency and creating a second blood pathway. Dual sets of three helical blades, placed on the shaft and external surface of the rotor block, ensure unidirectionality. Hemodynamic performance was tested with computational fluid dynamics (CFD); and rotor-blade geometry was optimized, to maximize overall efficiency d and minimize backflow and wall shear stresses. For a shaft radius of 4.5 mm, rotor blade height of 2.5 mm, and blade inlet and exit metal angles of 67 degrees and 32 degrees, pump operation at the nominal head-flow combination (5 L/min and 100.4 mm Hg) was achieved at a rotor speed of 10,313 rpm. At the nominal point, backflow as percent of total flow was 7.29 and 29.87% at rotor inlet and exit, respectively; overall hydraulic efficiency reached 21.59%; and maximum area-averaged shroud shear was 520 Pa. Overall efficiency peaked at 24.07% for a pump flow of 6.90 L/min, and averaged at 22.57% within the flow range of 4-8 L/min. We concluded that the design satisfies initial rotor design criteria, and that continued studies with diffuser optimization and transient flow analysis are warranted.