Analysis of Surface Properties of Ag and Ti Ion-Treated Medical Textiles by Metal Vapor Vacuum Arc Ion Implantation


Creative Commons License

AKPEK A.

COATINGS, vol.11, no.1, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/coatings11010102
  • Title of Journal : COATINGS
  • Keywords: surface engineering, ion implantation, MEVVA, antibacterial, corrosion, UV protection

Abstract

The study focuses on the effects of Ag (silver) and Ti (titanium) ions on textiles by MEVVA (metal vapor vacuum arc) ion implantation. In order to comprehend this, the research was executed in three parts. In the first part, the antibacterial efficiencies of Ag and TiO2 were investigated in detail since the antibacterial capabilities of Ag and TiO2 are well known. A group of polyester- and cotton-based medical textiles were modified by Ag and TiO2 ions, with doses ranging from 5 x 10(15) to 5 x 10(16) ion/cm(2). To determine the adhesion capabilities of the implanted ions on surfaces, after the first round of antibacterial tests, these medical textiles were washed 30 times, and then antibacterial tests were performed for the second time. The results were also compared with nanoparticle-treated medical textiles. In the second part, the corrosion and friction capabilities of Ag and Ti ion-implanted polyester textiles, with a dose of 5 x 10(15) ion/cm(2), were investigated. Finally, the UV protection capabilities of Ag and Ti ion-implanted polyester textiles, with a dose of 5 x 10(15) ion/cm(2), were investigated. The experiments showed that even after 30 washes, the TiO2 ion-implanted polyester textile had almost 85% antibacterial efficiency. In addition, Ti ion implantation reduced the friction coefficiency of a polyester textile by almost 50% when compared with an untreated textile. Finally, the Ag-ion-implanted polyester textile provided a UV protection factor of 30, which is classified as very good protection.