IV. Baskent International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies, Ankara, Turkey, 4 - 06 August 2023, pp.317-318
The New Acropolis Museum, which was designed by Bernard Tschumi and Michalis Photiadis after they won the competition held in Athens in 2001 and was completed in 2009, is one of the buildings that highlights the historical significance of the city. The museum is located 300 meters southeast of the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens. The building has a conceptual connection to the Acropolis of Athens, which is why Tschumi chose to place it here. The development of a building's form is significantly influenced by its surroundings. This study investigates the variables influencing the development of the building envelope of the New Acropolis Museum in the context of the building's relationship with the natural, social, artificial and conceptual environment by examining the literature and using an on-site observation method. Tschumi has several connections to the Parthenon Temple, which is a three-part construction having a base, a body, and a roof. The New Acropolis Museum has the same three-part structure as The Partheno as can be seen. The existing archaeological remains in the region are defined as the "base", the floors of the museum's main gallery are defined as the "body", and the top floor, where the Parthenon gallery is located, is defined as the "roof". The top floor of the museum is positioned parallel to the Parthenon and allows visitors to explore the city of Athens with a 360-degree panoramic view. The fact that the museum is located on ancient ruins, its outer shell is designed transparent and it establishes a relationship with the Parthenon is important in terms of allowing the historical layers of Athens to be experienced. The artifacts from the Acropolis archaeological excavations are shown chronologically on each floor of the museum. Tschumi presents conceptual integrity by establishing an experience route between the Parthenon and the museum. The conceptual relations he established with the context of the building also significantly affected the building envelope. The New Acropolis Museum, built with these design approaches, has become an important symbol of Athens and has an important role in the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage.