Investigation of antimicrobial and mechanical effects of functional nanoparticles in novel dental resin composites


Usul S. K. , ASLAN A., Luleci H. B. , ERGÜDEN B., Copoglu M. T. , Oflaz H., ...More

JOURNAL OF DENTISTRY, vol.123, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 123
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jdent.2022.104180
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF DENTISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Bis-GMA, TEGDMA, Imidazole, Benzimidazole, SiO2, Functionalnanoparticles, BIOACTIVE GLASS, ANTIBACTERIAL, SILVER

Abstract

Objectives: Imidazole and benzimidazole derivatives have recently attracted attention as remarkable materials due to their advantages in chemistry, pharmacology, and biomaterials. This article focuses on dental composites with azole functional groups incorporated to affect their physicochemical and mechanical properties and antibacterial activity. Methods: Dental composites were fabricated by embedding the functionalized imidazole and benzimidazole nanoparticles into a Bis-GMA/TEGDMA matrix to form the imidazole and benzimidazole dental composites series (I and B). The material was produced through hand blending of the monomer (50:50, wt%), filler (0-30, wt%), and initiator combination (CQ/EDMAB:0.8:1.6, wt%), and LED light-curing unit for 60 s. Results: Using various characterization techniques, I and B series were validated. The dental composites' approximate solubility and sorption significances were evaluated by conducting experiments on specific dental composite formulations. Fenton reaction test was performed to determine the chemical stability of the dental composites. The mechanical properties of the dental composites were investigated. Finally, by testing cell growth in the presence of composites, their antibacterial activities were determined. Conclusions: In this study, it was observed that the mechanical, physiochemical, and antibacterial properties of the functional azole-containing nanoparticles were positively improved by adding them to the structure of dental composites. These experimental results paved the way for the synthesized materials to be used in industrial applications. Clinical Significance: Since the chemical, mechanical, and antimicrobial properties of dental composites containing 10% imidazole and benzimidazole functional nanoparticles are far superior, they constitute an excellent alternative for preventing dental caries and long-term use of dental composites.