Explicit optical solitons of a perturbed Biswas–Milovic equation having parabolic-law nonlinearity and spatio-temporal dispersion

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Optical and Quantum Electronics, vol.56, no.5, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11082-024-06425-4
  • Journal Name: Optical and Quantum Electronics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Chromatic, Influence of the perturbation, Self-phase modulation, The auxiliary equation method
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper deals with a new variant of the Biswas–Milovic equation, referred to as the perturbed Biswas–Milovic equation with parabolic-law nonlinearity in spatio-temporal dispersion. To our best knowledge, the considered equation which models the pulse propagation in optical fiber is studied for the first time, and the abundant optical solitons are successfully obtained utilizing the auxiliary equation method. Utilizing a wave transformation technique on the considered Biswas–Milovic equation, and by distinguishing its real and imaginary components, we have been able to restructure the considered equation into a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The solutions for these ordinary differential equations, suggested by the auxiliary equation method, include certain undetermined parameters. These solutions are then incorporated into the nonlinear ordinary differential equation, leading to the formation of an algebraic equation system by collecting like terms of the unknown function and setting their coefficients to zero. The undetermined parameters, and consequently the solutions to the Biswas–Milovic equation, are derived by resolving this system. 3D, 2D, and contour graphs of the solution functions are plotted and interpreted to understand the physical behavior of the model. Furthermore, we also investigate the impact of the parameters such as the spatio-temporal dispersion and the parabolic nonlinearity on the behavior of the soliton. The new model and findings may contribute to the understanding and characterization of the nonlinear behavior of pulse propagation in optical fibers, which is crucial for the development of optical communication systems.