Self-assembling protein subunits hold great potential as biomaterials with improved functions. Among the self-assembled protein structures functional amyloids are promising unique properties such as resistance to harsh physical and chemical conditions their mechanical strength, and ease of functionalization. Curli proteins, which are functional amyloids of bacterial biofilms can be programmed as intelligent biomaterials.
In order to obtain controllable curli based biomaterials for biomedical applications, and to understand role of each of the curli forming monomeric proteins (namely CsgA and CsgB from Escherichia coli) we characterized their binding kinetics to gold, hydroxyapatite, and silica surfaces.
We demonstrated that CsgA, CsgB, and their equimolar mixture have different binding strengths for different surfaces. On hydroxyapatite and silica surfaces, CsgB is the crucial element that determines the final adhesiveness of the CsgA-CsgB mixture. On the gold surface, on the other hand, CsgA controls the behavior of the mixture. Those findings uncover the binding behavior of curli proteins CsgA and CsgB on different biomedically valuable surfaces to obtain a more precise control on their adhesion to a targeted surface.