Technology Readiness as an Antecedent of Technology Acceptance Model: A Meta-analytic Approach


TURAN A. , Oren B.

European, Asian, Middle Eastern, North African Conference on Management and Information Systems, EAMMIS 2021, İstanbul, Turkey, 19 - 20 March 2021, vol.239 LNNS, pp.513-522 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 239 LNNS
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-030-77246-8_47
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.513-522
  • Keywords: Discomfort, Innovativeness, Insecurity, Meta-analysis, Optimism, Perceived ease of use, Perceived usefulness, TAM, Technology acceptance model, Technology readiness

Abstract

© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.Technology readiness (TR) is a crucial concept to explain acceptance of an information technology or system by individuals. Based on the prior studies which reported the correlation scores between technology readiness and exogenous variables of technology acceptance model (TAM), we designed a meta-analytic study to attain effect size of TR on perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease of use (PEOU). We analyzed correlation scores which reported in 44 articles and conference proceedings with Comprehensive Meta Analysis software program. However, different level correlation scores had been recorded in the research papers, so we conducted six distinct meta-analyses in two stages in order to obtain effect size of TR on PU. We carried out different six meta-analyses in two stages to get effect size of TR on PEOU, as well. As a result, we found that random effect models were appropriate for all effect sizes between the variables of all stages. Findings showed that the average effect size of optimism on PU (ṝ = 0.368), of optimism on PEOU (ṝ = −0.386), of innovativeness on PU (ṝ = 0.258), of innovativeness on PEOU (ṝ = 0.328) were found positive and medium level. In addition, average effect size of insecurity on PU (ṝ = −0.070), of insecurity on PEOU (ṝ = −0.096) were found negative but very small level. However, average effect sizes of discomfort on PU, of discomfort on PEOU were found non-significant. Consequently, average effect size of positive TR on PU (ṝ = 0.355) and of positive TR on PEOU (ṝ = 0.414) were found positive and medium level. Nevertheless, average effect size of negative TR on PEOU (ṝ = −0.085) was found negative but very small level, effect size of negative TR on PU was found non-significant.