Building User in terms of Indoor Air Pollution Exposure


Darçın P. , Balanlı A.

Dicle University, 1st International Archictecture Symposium, Diyarbakır, Turkey, 4 - 06 October 2018, pp.1245-1258

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Diyarbakır
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1245-1258

Abstract

Indoor air pollution is an important hazardous effect that causes many deaths around the world each year. Although there are a vast number of scientific researches focusing on indoor air pollutants; not only the pollution / effecter, but also the building user / affected should be examined in order to study the phenomenon in every aspect. Exposure can be defined as an agent to create a change on a target by reaching and touching it on a contact boundary. In the frame of exposure to indoor air pollutants, the main routes of exposure are respiration, olfaction, contact to skin and eye surfaces and the contact boundary can be considered as the inner surfaces of respiratory system and outer surfaces of the body. Exposure can be encountered with air pollutants to only touch the contact boundary, however, in most cases, it happens after the pollutants pass this border into body systems to cause symptoms of health problems. Adverse effects of exposure happen in relation to properties of human and the co-occurrence of humans and pollutants. Exposure route and contact boundary, exposure duration, frequency, location and susceptibility of users to pollutants constitute the basic factors. For accurate assessment of health effects of indoor air pollution on humans, the route of exposure should be examined through biological properties of the respiratory system, tidal volume and biological properties of skin and eyes. The usage detail of the building, the closed units in which users spend time periodically can be determined for the duration of exposure, frequency and location. Also biological properties such as age, sex, etc. and psychological and social behaviors and habits can indicate the susceptibility. In order to execute a valid and accurate assessment of exposure to indoor air pollution, proper methods to determine these properties, to relate them towards realistic results will be beneficial.