Film formation and mechanical properties of an opaque titanium dioxide and transparent polyvinyl alcohol composite films

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Bozdogan A. , Aksakal B. , Yargi Ö.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, cilt.41, ss.939-950, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 41
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/pc.25425
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.939-950


Mechanical, optical, and film formation properties of titanium dioxide/polyvinyl alcohol (TiO2/PVA) composites were studied. Two identical experimental sets of % TiO2 content were prepared that one set is in the range of 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, and 20 wt% for the film formation and the second set is 5 and 50 wt% for the mechanical measurements. Photon transmission technique (PT) at room temperature was used for the film formation process after annealing for 10 min at the temperatures changing from 100 to 270 degrees C. The increase and decrease in the transmission light intensity (I-tr) from the composite films were attributed to void closure and interdiffusion models, respectively. The results were consistent with the data obtained from the film formation processes and mechanical measurements that the addition of TiO2 in PVA had remarkable improvement on mechanical properties, for example, increment in the Young's modulus and the rigidity as TiO2 content increased from 5 to 50 wt%, and it had also good film forming especially above 10 wt% TiO2 for the void closure processes leading to lower the activation energy. It was observed that for the lower content of TiO2 such as 5 wt%, the tensile strength and Young's modulus increased remarkably for heating temperature increased up to 150 degrees C. However, with the increase of TiO2 content, the maximum values of the mechanical strength and modulus were shifted to 180 degrees C for 50 wt% TiO2 from 150 degrees C for 5 wt% TiO2 because of the thermal stability of TiO2.