Removal of CI Basic Blue 41 from aqueous solution by supercritical water oxidation in continuous-flow reactor

Sogut O. O. , AKGÜN M.

JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY, vol.15, no.6, pp.803-808, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jiec.2009.09.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.803-808
  • Keywords: Supercritical water oxidation, Textile wastewater, Basic Blue 41, Total organic carbon, CATALYTIC WET OXIDATION, WASTE-WATER, AZO-DYE, AIR OXIDATION, DEGRADATION, DECOLORIZATION, DECOMPOSITION, KINETICS, OZONE


Oxidation of aqueous solution of C.I. Basic Blue 41 (BB41), which is model azo dye pollutants, was studied in a continuous-flow reactor that was operated between 400 and 650 degrees C at a fixed pressure of 25 MPa. The total organic carbon (TOC) concentration of BB41 was in the range of 30.60 and 152.97 mmol/L in the feed stock solution. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) was used as an oxygen source and the oxidant concentrations were between 73.53 and 489.64 mmol/L in the feed stock solution. The results demonstrated that supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) process decreases the TOC up to 99.87% in very short reaction times (at residence times of 9-19 s). According to the wastewater and oxidant concentrations, the global rate expression was regressed from the complete set of data for each dye solution. As a result of regression analysis, the reaction rate expression for the oxidation of BB41 was determined with the activation energy of 18.88 (+/- 0.9) kJ/mol and the pre-exponential factor of 2.8 (+/- 0.5) mmol(-0.16) L(0.16) s(-1); and the reaction orders for BB41 (based on TOC) and the oxidant were 0.84 (+/- 0.03) and 0.32 (+/- 0.05) in a 95% confidence level. (C) 2009 The Korean Society of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.