Understanding the Dynamics of Conflict-cooperation Nexus in Turkey-Russia Relations: 2011-2016

Topuzoğlu B., Okur M. A.

in: Contemporary Turkish – Russian Relations from Past to Future, İlyas Topsakal,Ali Askerov, Editor, Istanbul University, İstanbul, pp.213-238, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: Istanbul University
  • City: İstanbul
  • Page Numbers: pp.213-238
  • Editors: İlyas Topsakal,Ali Askerov, Editor
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to analyze Turkey-Russia relations within the period of 2011 and 2016. Since the selected time period in bilateral relations has been characterized by rapid rapprochement after a severe political crisis, the study particularly concentrates on the impact of the Su-24 crisis caused by the downing of a Russian jet in 2015. The paper in this aspect aims to give an answer to the question of how bilateral relations between Turkey and Russia have recovered from the detrimental effects of the 2015 crisis towards the achievement of high-level political cooperation within a short period of time. In order to analyze this research question, the study draws on the theoretical framework of neoclassical realism as a theory of foreign policy analysis in international relations. The study in this respect is divided into three parts. While the first part intends to evaluate how the change of relative distribution of power in bilateral relations have affected the course of political relations between Turkey and Russia, the second part focuses on the impact of domestic factors that stem from internal political developments in both countries. The last part, on the other hand, attempts to complement this analysis with an overlook on the individual dynamics by analyzing the impact of state leaders for the resolution of the Su-24 foreign policy crisis. In this endeavor, the paper attempts to validate the argument that the dramatic change in Turkey-Russia relations is the outcome of intertwined relations between structural factors, internal political developments, and individual dynamics.