Catalytic semi-continuous operation modes for hydrogen generation from carbon derivatives of ammonia boranes

Coşkuner Ö., Kantürk Figen A.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.47, no.95, pp.40304-40316, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 95
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.02.134
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.40304-40316
  • Keywords: Activated carbon, Catalyst, Hydrogen, Ammonia borane, Carbon derivatives
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In the present study, the semi-continuous regime is evaluated for generating hydrogen (H2) from carbon derivatives of ammonia borane (AB) via hydrolysis in presence of cobalt-doped activated carbon catalyst (Co-AC). Methylamine borane (MeAB) and ethane 1,2 diamine borane (EDAB) is used as an H2 storage medium. At first, catalytic activity tests are performed between 20 °C and 80 °C. 0.2 M MeAB, EDAB, and also AB are hydrolyzed with - Co-AC catalyst, and the results are compared in two temperature regions. EDAB shows the lowest hydrogen generation rate at 64.38 mLH2/min.gCo-AC of all carbon derivatives of AB due to its higher thermal stability. The power-law model is used to describe the kinetic rate and activation energy (Ea) for all the reactants in the catalytic hydrolysis reaction and the reaction kinetics studied in two temperature regions as the low-temperature region (20–50 °C) and the high-temperature region (60–80 °C). The zero-order kinetic model describes each temperature region for each reactant. The Ea values of AB, MeAB, and EDAB are calculated as in the range of 48–65 kJ mol-1 for the low-temperature region and in the range of 33–51 kJ mol-1 for the high temperature region. The semi-continuous regimes were performed at 60 °C with the same amount of AB, MeAB, EDAB, and Co-AC catalyst used for catalytic activity tests. The hydrogen generation rates for the semi-continuous regime are calculated to be 2.46 L/h, 0.86 L/h, and 0.17 L/h for AB, MeAB, and EDAB, respectively. The used catalysts and the exhaust solutions are also characterized. After the semicontinuous regime, the characterization results show that Co-AC is stable and Co species does not leach into the exhaust solution. Also, boron is accumulated on the catalyst observed due to by-product formation during the hydrolyses.