Laminar Mixed-Convection Heat Transfer in a Lid-Driven Cavity with Modified Heated Wall

Yapici K., Obut S.

HEAT TRANSFER ENGINEERING, vol.36, no.3, pp.303-314, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01457632.2014.916160
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.303-314
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


In this numerical study, steady laminar mixed-convection heat transfer in a two-dimensional square lid-driven cavity with a modified heated wall is investigated over a range of Richardson numbers, including 0.01, 1, and 10. The heated bottom wall of the cavity is characterized by rectangular, triangular, and sinusoidal wave shapes. The cooled top wall of the cavity is sliding with constant velocity, while the vertical walls are kept stationary and adiabatic. The governing equations are solved using a finite-volume technique. The results are presented in the form of streamlines, isotherms, and Nusselt number plots. The effects of the number of undulations and the amplitude on the flow field and heat transfer are also investigated. The predicted results demonstrate that the heat transfer enhancement is generally observed with the modification of the heated wall, while the improvement is found to be more profound for the case of rectangular wave and at low Richardson number.