Analysis of a novel concentrated solar power and magnetohydrodynamic liquid metal units integrated system with hydrogen production

Nezhad Q. A., Jafarmadar S., Genceli H.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.48, no.60, pp.22734-22751, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 60
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.03.452
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.22734-22751
  • Keywords: Concentrated solar power, Humidification-dehumidification, Liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic, Multigeneration, PEM electrolysis
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The engineers are very interested in concentrated solar power (CSP) due to its renewable energy source nature. However, for this technology to grow, it is crucial to integrate efficient, cost-effective subsystems. On the other hand, since liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic (LMMHD) power generation systems can operate at high temperatures of 600 °C–3000 °C, they are ideal for use as a subsystem of a CSP-based plant to improve efficiency. The use of waste heat recovery units is another method of increasing efficiency and preventing exergy losses. Taking these points into consideration, the proposed trigeneration system includes an LMMHD, a CSP, and humidification-dehumidification and proton exchange membrane units to produce power, freshwater, as well as hydrogen, respectively. Performance evaluation of the presented system includes thermodynamic and thermoeconomic considerations. The results show that the presented system produces 11.87 kW of power, 6.1 m3/h of hydrogen, and 860.2 L/h of freshwater with an energy utilization factor of 45.81%, a total exergy efficiency of 4.63%, and a unit cost of 19.57 $/kWh. The receiver is the most destructive component of the system, with 256.9 kW of exergy destruction. Further, the parametric study indicates that it is possible to maximize the energy efficiency of the system by changing the concentration ratio of the receiver.