FOOD AND BIOPROCESS TECHNOLOGY, cilt.6, ss.896-908, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
In this study, the steady and dynamic rheological properties of the dairy dessert samples (puddings) containing carrageenan, alginate, guar and xanthan gums and their combinations were investigated in a model system, and mixture design was utilized to observe the effects of the gums and their interactions. The flow behaviour of the pudding samples fitted to the Ostwald de Waele model (R (2) > 0.98). All the samples exhibited a gel structure with their higher G' (storage modulus) values than the GaEuro(3) (loss modulus) values. Carrageenan was the most effective hydrocolloid on both the steady and dynamic rheological parameters of the dairy dessert samples. On the other hand, alginate had relatively smaller effect. Furthermore, 30 pudding samples containing different gum or gum combinations were classified into two groups (A and B) by using principal component analysis (PCA). Samples containing more than 33% carrageenan in their formulations made up the group A which positively correlated to K (consistency index), eta (50) (apparent viscosity at shear rate 50 s(-1)), G', GaEuro(3), G* (complex modulus) and eta* (complex viscosity) values.