Characterization and Thermal Dehydration Kinetics of Highly Crystalline Mcallisterite, Synthesized at Low Temperatures


Derun E. , Senberber F. T.

SCIENTIFIC WORLD JOURNAL, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

Özet

The hydrothermal synthesis of a mcallisterite (Mg-2(B6O7(OH)(6))(2)center dot 9(H2O)) mineral at low temperatures was characterized. For this purpose, several reaction temperatures (0-70 degrees C) and reaction times (30-240 min) were studied. Synthesized minerals were subjected to X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and Raman spectroscopies and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Additionally, experimental analyses of boron trioxide (B2O3) content and reaction yields were performed. Furthermore, thermal gravimetry and differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) were used for the determination of thermal dehydration kinetics. According to the XRD results, mcallisterite, which has a powder diffraction file (pdf) number of "01-070-1902," was formed under certain reaction parameters. Pure crystalline mcallisterite had diagnostic FT-IR and Raman vibration peaks and according to the SEM analysis, for the minerals which were synthesized at 60 degrees C and 30 min of reaction time, particle size was between 398.30 and 700.06 nm. Its B2O3 content and reaction yield were 50.80 +/- 1.12 % and 85.80 +/- 0.61 %, respectively. Finally, average activation energies (conversion values (alpha) that were selected between 0.1 and 0.6) were calculated as 100.40 kJ/mol and 98.31 kJ/mol according to Ozawa and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) methods, respectively.