An electrocatalytic membrane-assisted process for hydrogen production from H2S in Black Sea: Preliminary results

Ipsakis D., Kraia T., Marnellos G. E., Ouzounidou M., Voutetakis S., Dittmeyer R., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.40, pp.7530-7538, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.12.017
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.7530-7538
  • Keywords: Hydrogen production, Hydrogen sulphide, Electro-catalytic membrane reactors, Proton conducting solid electrolyte, Electro-catalysis, Integrated process energy analysis, FUEL-CELL, THERMAL-DECOMPOSITION, CHEMICAL-STABILITY, SULFIDE, SULFUR, ELECTROLYTE, OZONATION, OXIDATION, KINETICS, REMOVAL
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The feasibility of hydrogen production by the decomposition of H2S in an electrocatalytic membrane reactor for the exploitation of H2S contained in Black Sea water is investigated. A micro-structured electrochemical membrane reactor with a proton-conducting ceramic membrane is considered for processing gaseous H2S diluted (1 vol.%) in H2O mixtures. Y-doped barium zirconate (BaZr0.83Y0.15O3-delta) is employed as solid electrolyte. Ceria supported transition metal (Co, Ni, Fe, Cu) catalysts and LaCrO3 composites are explored as anode materials and La0.6Sr0.4CO0.2Fe0.8O3-delta perovskite type oxides are used as cathode electrodes. Preliminary results concern materials preparation and characterization of the catalytic performance of anodic electrode materials. Co/CeO2 composites show excellent H2S conversion and stability performance in wet and dry atmospheres at 873-1123 K. Presence of water has a beneficial effect on the H-2 formation, in accordance with thermodynamics. The overall process starting from H2S containing sea water to H-2 generation in the membrane reactor and H2SO4 production in a sequential step is simulated and its energy balance is discussed.