The feasibility of hydrogen production by the decomposition of H2S in an electrocatalytic membrane reactor for the exploitation of H2S contained in Black Sea water is investigated. A micro-structured electrochemical membrane reactor with a proton-conducting ceramic membrane is considered for processing gaseous H2S diluted (1 vol.%) in H2O mixtures. Y-doped barium zirconate (BaZr0.83Y0.15O3-delta) is employed as solid electrolyte. Ceria supported transition metal (Co, Ni, Fe, Cu) catalysts and LaCrO3 composites are explored as anode materials and La0.6Sr0.4CO0.2Fe0.8O3-delta perovskite type oxides are used as cathode electrodes. Preliminary results concern materials preparation and characterization of the catalytic performance of anodic electrode materials. Co/CeO2 composites show excellent H2S conversion and stability performance in wet and dry atmospheres at 873-1123 K. Presence of water has a beneficial effect on the H-2 formation, in accordance with thermodynamics. The overall process starting from H2S containing sea water to H-2 generation in the membrane reactor and H2SO4 production in a sequential step is simulated and its energy balance is discussed.