Optimization of Gum Combination in Prebiotic Instant Hot Chocolate Beverage Model System in Terms of Rheological Aspect: Mixture Design Approach

DOĞAN M., Toker Ö. S., Aktar T., Goksel M.

Food and Bioprocess Technology, vol.6, no.3, pp.783-794, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11947-011-0736-y
  • Journal Name: Food and Bioprocess Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.783-794
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


Mixture design was used to investigate the effects of four different gums (xanthan gum, guar gum, alginate and locust bean gum) and their combinations on the rheological properties of a prebiotic model instant hot chocolate beverage (including 3. 5% inulin) and to determine their interactions in the model beverage. Simplex centroid mixture design was applied to predict the physicochemical (soluble solids, pH, colour properties) and rheological parameters (consistency index (K), flow behaviour index (n) and apparent viscosity (η50)) of the samples. In the model, the optimum gum combination was found by simplex centroid mixture design as 59% xanthan gum and 41% locust bean gum, and the highest K value was 33. 56 Pa sn. The increase of guar gum and alginate in the gum mixture caused a decrease in the K value of the sample. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.