Caumme III International Symposium, Migration and The Built Environment in The Mediterranean and The Middle East, Naples, Italy, 24 - 25 November 2016, pp.238-248
Istanbul is the biggest and the most developed metropolitan region of turkey, because it has locational, economical and cultural advantages and therefore it has been absorbing too much inner migration flow from the less developed regions and cities of Turkey. However, Istanbul has many development issues connected to this overgrowing, a new and huge forced migration has been started to flow from Syria to Turkey and Istanbul after the war in Syria in 2011. It is about 3 million syrian refugees have come to turkey and only small amount of them has been started to live in special camping areas which were prepared for them in different cities by the government, the most of them has started to live and to create their own living conditions and try to adjust to life by themselves in different turkish cities. This flow has caused a wave of change and transformations and many sudden and complex socio-spatial-economic-cultural and security problems, and therefore this flow could be interpreted very complex social crisis for urban life in those turkish cities.
At first, this study aims to understand and to discuss “social crisis” and “resilience” concepts in a theoretical framework. At second, to analyze international migration flows especially from Syria to turkey by the time and how it is distributed in national, and at local level in Istanbul? and which kinds of urban transformations and problems have been occurred in which parts or districts in istanbul? At third, what are the existing international and national regulation policies for international migration flows? Which governmental and non-governmental organizations take roles at international, national and local levels to search, to organize or to give some services to those immigrant people in this process? at the end, this paper aims to discuss urban resilience policies to social crisis.