Mindfulness and subjective happiness during the pandemic: Longitudinal mediation effect of hope

SATICI B., Satici S. A.

PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, vol.197, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 197
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.paid.2022.111781
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, PASCAL, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, Communication Abstracts, EBSCO Education Source, Index Islamicus, Psycinfo, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Keywords: Mindfulness, Subjective happiness, Hope, Longitudinal, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, SELF-COMPASSION, MEDITATION, MECHANISMS, THINKING, STRESS
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Cross-sectional findings indicated the relationship between mindfulness, hope, and wellbeing. To address the limitations associated with cross-sectional designs, the present study sought to examine whether hope mediated the longitudinal relationship between mindfulness and subjective happiness during the pandemic. To examine these hypotheses, we used the Subjective Happiness Scale, Mindful Attention Awareness Scale, and Dispositional Hope Scale by conducting two waves of surveys within a three-month interval, with 254 participants from 44 of Turkey's total 81 cities. Results of cross-lagged panel model for a half-longitudinal design indicated mindfulness conferred strengthening for subjective happiness three months later via hope. The current findings highlight the important roles of mindfulness and hope on subjective happiness during the pandemic.