5-(methacrylamido)tetrazole and vinyl triazole based copolymers as novel anhydrous proton conducting membranes

Sinirlioglu D., Muftuoglu A. E., Bozkurt A.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER RESEARCH, vol.20, no.9, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10965-013-0242-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Polymer electrolytes that have ability to conduct protons at high temperatures have become crucial as the membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) in anhydrous systems. In this work, a novel copolymer based on 5-(methacrylamido)tetrazole (MTet) and vinyl triazole (VTri) was prepared by conventional free-radical copolymerization at several monomer feed ratios to attain poly(VTri-co-MTet) copolymers. The copolymer samples were doped with H3PO4 at several stoichiometric ratios to obtain proton conductive copolymer electrolytes. The obtained membranes were analyzed by FTIR, H-1-NMR, Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Differantial Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Cyclic Voltammetry (CV), and Impedance Spectroscopy. The compositions and molecular weights of copolymers were determined via H-1-NMR analysis. TGA demonstrated that the copolymers are thermally stable up to approximately 220 degrees C. DSC results illustrated both the homogeneity of the materials by the appearance of a single T-g and the plasticizing effect of the dopant. SEM analysis provided further evidence for the homogeneity of the membranes. CV results demonstrated that the stability window of P(VTri-co-MTet) is 3 V. The copolymer electrolytes, P(VTri-co-MTet) 2: 1 X=2, P(VTri-co-MTet) 1: 1 X=2, and P(VTri-co-MTet) 1: 2 X=2 showed maximum proton conductivities of 0.012 Scm(-1), 0.014 Scm(-1) and 0.016 Scm(-1), respectively, at 150 degrees C and anhydrous conditions.