Effect of nanoparticles synthesized from green extracts on dark fermentative biohydrogen production


Biomass and Bioenergy, vol.170, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 170
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2023.106707
  • Journal Name: Biomass and Bioenergy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Iron oxide nanoparticle, Bio-hydrogen, Microalgae, Olive leaf
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Elsevier LtdResearch on the production of nanoparticles with sustainable methods using different leaf extracts as a reducing agent has gained momentum. In this study, green synthesis of two types of iron oxide nanoparticles were produced to investigate the impact of nanoparticles on bio-hydrogen yield. Olive leaf extract and microalgae extract were used as reducing agents for production. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized via SEM, EDX, XRD and UV–Visible spectrum analyses. The nanoparticles have a stable appearance and mean particle sizes of 90.26 and 124.68 nm. Iron oxide nanoparticles produced from olive leaf extract were more effective in dark fermentation. Dark fermentation yields by Clostridium sp. were assessed utilizing various proportions of generated two types of nanoparticles (50–400 mg/L). The addition of 200 mg/L olive leaf extract-based iron oxide nanoparticles and 300 mg/L microalgae extract-based iron oxide nanoparticles enhanced the hydrogen production capacity by 41% and 28%, respectively.