Assessment of biochemical methane potential of dairy wastewater with different co-substrates and evaluation of different kinetic models


Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol.196, no.1, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 196 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-023-12208-3
  • Journal Name: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Biochemical methane potential (BMP), Co-digestion, Dairy wastewater, Kinetic models
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Dairy industry wastewater can be considered as an important source of pollution due to its high amounts and pollutant concentrations. Anaerobic treatment is seen as a suitable alternative over aerobic treatment which requires huge aeration systems. Biochemical methane potential (BMP) testing is a widely applied technique for estimating the performance of anaerobic digesters and still has no clear alternative. In the study, the biochemical methane potential change was investigated by mixing dairy wastewater with different co-substrates (cattle manure, chicken manure and slaughterhouse wastewater) at different rates. The highest biogas potential per gram of chemical oxygen demand added (CODadded) was determined as 574 mLbiogas in a mixture of 74% dairy wastewater + 2% chicken manure + 24% slaughterhouse wastewater inoculated with granular sludge. The highest methane potential was determined as 340 mLCH4 in the same co-substrate mixture inoculated with anaerobic sludge. In recent years, mathematical modeling offers an alternative to BMP tests and many different models are used for this purpose. In the study, six different mathematical models were used to simulate the BMP results, and the highest correlation coefficient in almost all mixtures ranged from 0.900 to 0.997 with the Modified Gompertz equation and Fitzhugh models.