New India's Citizenship Law: BJP Government's Identity Politics and Indian Political System


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Bali Kurtarır E.

4th Annual International Conference on Social Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey, 10 - 11 September 2020, pp.21

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.21

Abstract

After 2019 election results, Narendra Modi delivered a victory speech at BJP headquerters
in New Delhi that focused on his "New India" vision avoiding referring to secularism. That
vision gave some blueprints for India's polity in many ways and also raises concerns about
her culturel diversity and secular and democratic establish protected by Constitution. Thus
new Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is a significant alteration for Indian Constitutional
system and political life. The new Act regulates India's refugee regime by providing
citizenship to some groups, seeking aslyum from India. As a non-signatories to 1951
Refugee Convention and 1967 Protocol, India paves the way for Muslim people to be
disadvantaged groups when seeking aslyum that come from neighbour countries.
Considering the recent Government decisions on Article 370 about limiting Kashmir
authonomy and on CAA, increase the anxiety of Hinduvata extremism. Even that
discriminatory law outlaws the Muslim people to gain basic rights, who mostly live in
detention camps; it creates fear in Indian Muslims community to becoming "refugees in
their own country". In this framework this paper aims to analyses Modi Government
policies on India's political, social sphere, especially diversity and secularism issues and its
effect on her legal political system. It tries to understand motives of Government and its
discourse on these issues. And also the paper aims to explain goverment's path to
implement these policies since 2014.
Keywords: India, Election, Constitution, Citizenship, Hinduvata, Kashmir 2019 election results, Narendra Modi delivered a victory speech at BJP headquerters
in New Delhi that focused on his "New India" vision avoiding referring to secularism. That
vision gave some blueprints for India's polity in many ways and also raises concerns about
her culturel diversity and secular and democratic establish protected by Constitution. Thus
new Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is a significant alteration for Indian Constitutional
system and political life. The new Act regulates India's refugee regime by providing
citizenship to some groups, seeking aslyum from India. As a non-signatories to 1951
Refugee Convention and 1967 Protocol, India paves the way for Muslim people to be
disadvantaged groups when seeking aslyum that come from neighbour countries.
Considering the recent Government decisions on Article 370 about limiting Kashmir
authonomy and on CAA, increase the anxiety of Hinduvata extremism. Even that
discriminatory law outlaws the Muslim people to gain basic rights, who mostly live in
detention camps; it creates fear in Indian Muslims community to becoming "refugees in
their own country". In this framework this paper aims to analyses Modi Government
policies on India's political, social sphere, especially diversity and secularism issues and its
effect on her legal political system. It tries to understand motives of Government and its
discourse on these issues. And also the paper aims to explain goverment's path to
implement these policies since 2014.
Keywords: India, Election, Constitution, Citizenship, Hinduvata, Kashmir