Degradation of azinphos-methyl and chlorpyrifos from aqueous solutions by ultrasound treatment


Agarwal S., Tyagi I., Gupta V. K. , Dehghani M. H. , Bagheri A., Yetilmezsoy K. , et al.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS, cilt.221, ss.1237-1242, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 221
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.molliq.2016.04.076
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1237-1242

Özet

Azinphos-methyl and chlorpyrifos are the organophosphorous pesticides which pose serious threats to the environment including their detrimental effect on humans and, therefore, their removal from the environment is a must. Hence, in the present paper the ultrasound technique was applied to remove the above-mentioned hazardous compounds. For this, the effect of influential parameters such as pH, initial pesticide concentration, frequency, electric power and treatment time on the ultrasound degradation of azinphos-methyl and chlorpyrifos was well investigated and elucidated. The results obtained showed that azinphos-methyl and chlorpyrifos were effectively and rapidly degraded by the ultrasound technique. Thus, the operating optimal conditions (initial pH 9, initial pesticide concentration 1 mg/L, frequency 130 kHz, electric power 500 Wand treatment time 20 min) lead to a degradation of 78.50% for azinphos-methyl and of 98.96% for chlorpyrifos with in 20 min of contact time. Two multiple regression-based equations were derived to describe the degradation process of the pesticides by the ultrasound treatment. The result of this study showed that the-polynomial equations satisfactorily described the behavior of the present process for various operating conditions. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.