Artificial Neural Network Techniques for the Determination of Condensation Nusselt Number in Horizontal Smooth Tubes

Sevindir M. K., Gönül A., Çebi A., Mercan H.

Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, vol.23, no.3, pp.871-877, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


 In this study, using readily available experimental data in the literature, artificial neural networks (ANN) method is adopted to specify condensation Nusselt number in horizontal smooth tubes. Condensation heat transfer of R22, R134a and 50/50 and 60/40 of the R32/ R125 azeotropic refrigerant mixtures were examined with four different ANN methods. The experimental data is taken from the study of Dobson et al. [1]. The input parameters are mass flux, quality, hydraulic diameter, Soliman's modified Froude number, density of fluid phase and dynamic viscosity of liquid phase where the output parameter is the condensation Nusselt number. In this study the interval for tube diameters is between 3.14-7.04 mm, and the interval for mass flux is between 50-800 kg/m2s.  The training algorithms are tested using different neuron numbers and the best algorithm was found as Bayesian regularization having 8 neurons. It is observed that the Nu number evaluated using ANN is ± 15% error margin compared to experimental results. Furthermore, for increasing mass flux rates the error margin is around ± 5%.