The nonlinear strain rate sensitivity, multiple creep and recovery behavior of polyphenylene oxide (PPO), which were explored through strain rate-controlled experiments at ambient temperature by Khan [The deformation behavior of solid polymers and modeling with the viscoplasticity theory based overstress, Ph.D. Thesis, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York], are modeled using the modified viscoplasticity theory based on overstress (VBO). In addition, VBO used by Krempl and Ho [An overstress model for solid polymer deformation behavior applied to Nylon 66, ASTM STP 1357, 2000, p. 118] and the classical VBO are used to demonstrate the improved modeling capabilities of VBO for solid polymer deformation. The unified model (VBO) has two tensor valued state variables, the equilibrium and kinematic stresses and two scalar valued states variables, drag and isotropic stresses. The simulations include monotonic loading and unloading at various strain rates, multiple creep and recovery at zero stress. Since creep behavior has been found to be profoundly influenced by the level of the stress, the tests are performed at different stresses above and below the yield point. Numerical results are compared to experimental data. It is shown that nonlinear rate sensitivity, nonlinear unloading, creep and recovery at zero stress can be reproduced using the modified viscoplasticity theory based on overstress. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.