Fruit-based vegan ice cream-type frozen dessert with aquafaba: effect of fruit types on quality parameters

Erem E., Akdeniz E., Cayır M., Icyer N. C., TOKER Ö. S.

Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13197-023-05885-y
  • Journal Name: Journal of Food Science and Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Aquafaba, Frozen dessert, Fruit puree, Ice-cream, Non-dairy, Vegan
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


"Aquafaba", defined as legume cooking water, has a feature that can be used in various formulations as an egg and milk alternative in vegan products and improves functional properties such as foaming, emulsifying and gelling. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the usability of aquafaba in ice cream type frozen desserts containing different fruit purees (strawberry, nectarine and banana) by using its foaming capacity. Rheological properties, microstructure, overrun, melting characteristics, color measurement, dry matter, and sensory properties were investigated in different fruit-based frozen dessert samples. The brix value, density, protein content, foaming capacity (FC) and foaming stability (FS), flow behavior index, consistency coefficient, and overrun of aquafaba were determined as 7.1 ± 0°Bx, 1.022 ± 0.011 g/ml, 1.51 ± 0.41%, 85 ± 0% FC and 81 ± 0.23% FS, between 0.28 and 0.64, between 8.68 and 41.30 Pa·sn, between 116.75 and 395.93%, respectively. The dry matter content of the strawberry, nectarine, and banana-based dessert samples ranged between 17 and 48%, 20–49%, 25–50%, and the first dropping times were determined between 348 and 1538 s, 369–1689 s and 435–1985 s, respectively. As a result, cooking liquid leftover aquafaba can be used as a suitable raw material in the production of an alternative ice cream type frozen dessert for individuals with milk allergy, lactose intolerance or who prefer a vegan diet.