DEHYDRATION KINETICS AND CHANGES OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS OF TULIP AND POPPY PETALS AS A NATURAL COLORANT UNDER VACUUM AND OVEN CONDITIONS


KARASU S. , KILICLI M., Baslar M. , ARICI M. , SAĞDIÇ O. , KARAAGACLI M.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, cilt.39, sa.6, ss.2096-2106, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 39 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/jfpp.12453
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2096-2106

Özet

The aim of this study was to investigate the drying kinetics and thermal degradation of anthocyanin and other phenolic compounds of tulip and poppy petals, as potential source of natural colorant, under both oven and vacuum drying processes at 45, 55 and 65C. The novelty of the study is to be the first attempt on the anthocyanin degradation and drying characteristic of tulip and poppy petals during drying process. Drying rate in vacuum drying was greater than that of oven drying. Drying characteristic of the petals was described by selected six thin layer models. Midilli-Kucuk model was found to be the best model (R-2 > 0.99). Vacuum drying at 55C was the best suitable drying condition for the preservation of anthocyanin content. Total color differences (Delta E) significantly changed, depending on the drying temperature. Lowest Delta E values were obtained in samples dried at 45C for tulip petals and at 65C for poppy petals.