Dehydration of green beans using ultrasound-assisted vacuum drying as a novel technique: drying kinetics and quality parameters


Tekin Z. H. , Baslar M. , KARASU S. , KILICLI M.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, cilt.41, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/jfpp.13227
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION

Özet

The ultrasound-assisted vacuum (USV) drying technique is a novel method and ultrasonic treatment under vacuum causes to accelerate the dehydration rate of food materials. This study compared the drying kinetics and some quality parameters for green beans subjected to USV, oven, and vacuum drying at 55, 65, and 75 degrees C. The drying time was shortened by around 1 hr using USV at each temperature. Effective moisture diffusivity values was found between 2.00 x 10(-10)-4.81 x 10(-10) m(2) s(-1) and it was increased compared with control treatment between 8.9% and 24.5%. USV treatment resulted phenolic compounds compared with unsonicated control. However, USV caused more color change than the control, oven and vacuum. Lower the total color difference values were obtained for samples dehydrated by vacuum dryer. USV had greater advantages compared with the control and it can potentially be applied to green beans and other vegetables for faster drying processing.