A functional bread produced by supplementing wheat flour with high β-glucan hull-less barley flour

Koksel H., Cetiner B., Ozkan K., TEKİN ÇAKMAK Z. H., SAĞDIÇ O., Sestili F., ...More

Cereal Chemistry, vol.101, no.3, pp.630-640, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cche.10768
  • Journal Name: Cereal Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.630-640
  • Keywords: functional foods, glycemic index, hull-less barley, nutritional properties, wheat
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Background and Objectives: High β-glucan hull-less barley (cv. Chifaa) was used in functional bread production. Its technological and nutritional properties were compared with the one produced from bread wheat flour. Findings: Increasing levels of whole barley flour supplementation resulted in consistent increases in the Farinograph water absorption due to the high hydration capacity of β-glucan in barley flour. Increasing whole barley flour supplementation levels had significant deteriorative effects on all of the bread quality characteristics probably due to dilution of gluten proteins. On the contrary, the mineral, β-glucan, and phenolic contents and antioxidant capacities of breads supplemented with Chifaa were significantly higher than those of the bread produced from bread wheat. Conclusion: The glycemic index (GI) of the bread supplemented with 60% barley flour (66.4) was medium while the GI of the 45% barley flour-supplemented bread (70.1) was very close to the limit value of the medium GI. The lower GI of the barley flour-supplemented breads might be attributed to their higher β-glucan contents. The results indicated that 3 g of β-glucan can be provided from barley flour-supplemented bread (at 45% and 60%), which is the limit to bear health claim. Significance and Novelty: The results of the present study indicated that high β-glucan hull-less barley can be used to produce functional breads with better nutritional properties. The findings of this study may provide insights that can contribute to the studies on functional foods.