The effect of flours of different immature cereal grains on sourdough and sourdough bread: Microbiological, rheological, textural and sugar profiles


Alkay Z., Yilmaz M. T. , Can A. M. , Ispirli H., Dertli E.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jfpp.17097
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database

Abstract

In this study, the utilization of LAB (Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, Levilactobacillus brevis, Furfurilactobacillus rossiae, Weissella cibaria) cultures with selected flours of different immature cereal grains (wheat, barley, oat and rye) on sourdough and sourdough bread was investigated. In total, 16 different sourdough breads were produced and microbiological, pH, TTA and rheological properties of sourdoughs at 0, 8 and 24 h were determined. At the beginning of the fermentation, while sourdoughs showed elasticity, they showed viscoelastic properties after 24 h of fermentation. The sugar profile of cereal grains at the stage of milk formation and the sugar groups presented in EPSs isolated from sourdoughs were revealed by HPLC analysis. The sugar groups in sourdoughs were glucose, xylose and arabinose, while the sugars in the immature cereal grains were glucose, fructose and mannose. The highest EPS production level (1882.69 +/- 8.16) was observed in immature barley flour and Lpb. plantarum containing sourdough and all sourdoughs were found to contain glucan type EPSs. It was observed that the amount of EPS produced by the related species differed significantly under different grain conditions. Besides, it was observed that the sourdough breads produced were harder than the control bread. Novelty Impact Statement Wheat, barley, oat and rye immature grains and four distinct LAB strains were used during sourdough fermentation. Immature grain type and LAB strain used were determinants for in situ exopolysaccharide (EPS) production. Viscoelastic properties of sourdough and textural properties of sourdough bread were affected by grains and LAB strain utilized.