Effect of citric acid and blanching pre-treatments on drying and rehydration of Amasya red apples

Doymaz I.

FOOD AND BIOPRODUCTS PROCESSING, vol.88, pp.124-132, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 88
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.fbp.2009.09.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.124-132
  • Keywords: Red apple, Hot air drying, Rehydration ratio, Effective moisture diffusivity, Activation energy, MOISTURE DIFFUSIVITY, AIR-TEMPERATURE, SOLAR DRYER, KINETICS, SLICES, MODELS, WHITE, DEHYDRATION, STRAWBERRY, MULBERRY
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Drying behaviour of red apples was experimentally examined in a laboratory dryer at drying temperatures of 55, 65 and 75 degrees C and a constant air velocity of 2.0 m/s. Two pre-treatments (blanching and 0.5% citric acid) were applied to prior to drying process. It was observed that both the drying temperature and pre-treatment affected the drying time. The shortest drying times were obtained from pre-treated samples with citric acid solution. Blanched samples have higher rehydration ratios than other samples. Five mathematical models namely, Newton, Henderson and Pabis, Page, Logarithmic and Parabolic models were evaluated in the kinetics research. The fit quality of the proposed models was evaluated by using the determination of coefficient (R(2)), reduced chi-square (x(2)), root means square error (RMSE) and mean relative percent error (P). The Parabolic model provided the best representation of data. Effective moisture diffusivity (D(eff)) computed on the basis of Fick's second law. D(eff) value of pre-treated samples with citric acid solution was higher than the other samples. (C) 2009 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.