In the search for novel peptides that inhibit the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE), porcine skeletal troponin was hydrolyzed with pepsin, and the products were subjected to various types of chromatography to isolate active peptides. Glu-Lys-Glu-Arg-Glu-Arg-Gln (EKERERQ) and Lys-Arg-Gln-Lys-Tyr-Asp-lle (KRQKYDI) were identified as active peptides, and their 50% inhibitory concentrations were found to be 552.5 and 26.2 mu M, respectively. These are novel ACE inhibitory peptides, and the activity of KRQKYDI was the strongest among previously reported troponin-originated peptides. KRQKYDI was slowly hydrolyzed by treatment with ACE, and kinetic studies indicated that this peptide was a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme. When KRQKYDI was administered orally to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) at a dose of 10 mg/kg, a temporary antihypertensive activity was observed at 3 and 6 h after administration.