MICROWAVE AND INFRARED DRYING KINETICS AND ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF CHERRY TOMATOES


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KIPÇAK A. S. , DOYMAZ İ.

CHEMICAL INDUSTRY & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING QUARTERLY, vol.26, no.2, pp.203-212, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.2298/ciceq190916039k
  • Journal Name: CHEMICAL INDUSTRY & CHEMICAL ENGINEERING QUARTERLY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-212
  • Keywords: cherry tomato, drying kinetics, infrared drying, microwave drying, effective moisture diffusivity, activation energy, VACUUM-MICROWAVE, AIR, QUALITY, PRETREATMENT, DEHYDRATION, SLICES

Abstract

In this study, the effect of different microwave and infrared power levels on drying kinetics of cheny tomatoes is investigated Doting experiments are carried out with the power levels of 90, 180, 270 and 360 W (5.625, 11.250, 16.875 and 22500 W/g as power density) in microwave studies and 74, 83 and 104 W (0.871, 0.976 and 1.224 W/g as power density) in infrared studies. The obtained experimental moisture ratios are fitted to seven different widely used thin-layer models and the results showed that Weibull and Aghbashlo et al. models best fit the data for microwave and infrared doting of cheny tomatoes. The effective moisture diffusivities for microwave and infrared drying studies are calculated between 546 x 10(-8) and 4.24 x 10(-7) m(2)/s and 7.33 x 10(-9) - 8.24 x 10(-9) m(2)/s, respectively. Additionally, microwave and infrared activation energies are found to be 9.4654 and 0.3162 kW/kg, respectively.